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雙語:喝酒后會臉紅?原來這是東亞人獨有的遺傳
愛語吧 2018-01-24 12:49 瀏覽2878次

  現實生活中,有不少人是喝了酒就臉紅的,那這樣的人到底能喝酒還是不能喝酒,坊間也有各種各樣的說法。小編帶你來了解一下吧。

  Here’s why some people turn red when they drink. It’s a condition called "alcohol flush reaction." Side effects include flushed skin, nausea, headache, and rapid heart beat.

  以下將解釋為何有的人喝酒后會臉紅。這種情況被稱作“酒精潮紅反應”。它的副作用有臉紅、惡心、頭痛和心跳加速。

  The cause is a buildup of acetaldehyde in the body. Acetaldehyde is highly toxic and a known carcinogen. When alcohol hits the liver, it metabolizes into acetaldehyde.

  它的原因是體內乙醛的積累。乙醛是劇毒的,且是眾所周知的致癌物。當酒精進入肝臟時,它會代謝成乙醛。

  Usually, it’s quickly converted to a safer form, acetate. But people with alcohol flush reaction are different. Their body turns alcohol into acetaldehyde faster. But their liver takes more time to turn acetaldehyde into acetate.

  通常,它會迅速轉化成一種更安全的形式:乙酸鹽。但是喝酒臉紅的人卻不一樣。他們的身體會更快地把酒精轉化成乙醛,然而他們的肝臟地卻需要更多的時間把乙醛轉變成乙酸鹽。

  The results are: A less intense "buzz," harsher side effects from acetaldehyde poisoning, and long-term, a higher risk of mouth and throat cancers.

  結果就是,乙醛中毒的嚴酷的副作用——一種不那么強烈的“嗡嗡聲”,長期來看,患口腔癌和喉癌的風險較高。

  Alcohol flush reaction is a genetic condition. It’s thought to originate among the Han Chinese, in central China. Over the centuries, it has spread throughout East Asia. An estimated 1/3 of East Asians have it.

  “酒精潮紅反應”是一種遺傳性疾病。據信其起源于華中地區的中國漢族。幾個世紀以來,它已經傳遍了東亞。據估計有三分之一的東亞人有這種情況。

  Since the condition is genetic, there is no cure. The upside? Those afflicted often avoid excessive drinking and alcoholism.

  由于它是遺傳性的,所以無藥可治。那要如何處理呢?這些人要避免過量飲酒以及酒精中毒。


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